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Austrelaps - Worrell, 1963

Pronunciation: ostr-EE-laps
Etymology: 'southern Elaps' - Elaps is another genus of snakes.

Taxonomic notes:

Notes: Article about copperhead venom
Statistics: Reproductive modes:
Live-bearing - 3 out of 3 Australian species

Size range:
Smallest Australian species: pygmy copperhead (Austrelaps labialis) at 84 cm
 Longest Australian species: lowlands copperhead (Austrelaps superbus) at up to 170 cm
Number of Australian species: 3

pygmy copperhead (Austrelaps labialis)
Adelaide Hills, South Australia
Photo © Rob Valentic
pygmy copperhead (Austrelaps labialis) distribution range map Austrelaps labialis
Pygmy copperhead
Year described
(Jan 1859)
Pale brown, grey to dark grey in colour; sometimes with a dark vertebral stripe and a dark bar on the nape; lips are heavily barred. Ventral colouration extremely variable.

highlands copperhead (Austrelaps ramsayi)
Wentworth Falls, New South Wales
Photo © Brendan Schembri
highlands copperhead (Austrelaps ramsayi) distribution range map Austrelaps ramsayi
Highlands copperhead
Year described
(Krefft 1864)
Dark grey to reddish brown above with reddish flanks; lips heavily barred.

lowlands copperhead (Austrelaps superbus)
Phillip Island, Victoria
Photo © Ray Lloyd
lowlands copperhead (Austrelaps superbus) distribution range map Austrelaps superbus
Lowlands copperhead
Year described
(G√ľnther 1858)
Colouration is variable, ranging from black, grey, brown to reddish brown, becoming paler or more red to orange on flanks; lips weakly barred.

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